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SQLSERVER排查CPU占用高的情况【转】-真实

今天中午,有朋友叫我帮他看一下数据库,操作系统是Windows2008R2 ,数据库是SQL2008R2 64位

64G内存,16核CPU

硬件配置还是比较高的,他说服务器运行的是金蝶K3软件,数据库实例里有多个数据库

现象

他说是这几天才出现的,而且在每天的某一个时间段才会出现CPU占用高的情况

内存占用不太高,只占用了30个G

CPU占用100%


排查方向

 

一般排查都是用下面的脚本,一般会用到三个视图sys.sysprocesses ,dm_exec_sessions ,dm_exec_requests

 USE master
 GO
 --如果要指定数据库就把注释去掉
 SELECT * FROM sys.[sysprocesses] WHERE [spid]>50 --AND DB_NAME([dbid])='gposdb'
 SELECT COUNT(*) FROM [sys].[dm_exec_sessions] WHERE [session_id]>50

看一下当前的数据库用户连接有多少

然后使用下面语句看一下各项指标是否正常,是否有阻塞,这个语句选取了前10个最耗CPU时间的会话

SELECT TOP 10
[session_id],
[request_id],
[start_time] AS '开始时间',
[status] AS '状态',
[command] AS '命令',
dest.[text] AS 'sql语句',
DB_NAME([database_id]) AS '数据库名',
[blocking_session_id] AS '正在阻塞其他会话的会话ID',
[wait_type] AS '等待资源类型',
[wait_time] AS '等待时间',
[wait_resource] AS '等待的资源',
[reads] AS '物理读次数',
[writes] AS '写次数',
[logical_reads] AS '逻辑读次数',
[row_count] AS '返回结果行数'
FROM sys.[dm_exec_requests] AS der
CROSS APPLY
sys.[dm_exec_sql_text](der.[sql_handle]) AS dest
WHERE [session_id]>50 AND DB_NAME(der.[database_id])='gposdb'
ORDER BY [cpu_time] DESC

如果想看具体的SQL语句可以执行下面的SQL语句,记得在SSMS里选择以文本格式显示结果

--在SSMS里选择以文本格式显示结果
SELECT TOP 10
dest.[text] AS 'sql语句'
FROM sys.[dm_exec_requests] AS der
CROSS APPLY
sys.[dm_exec_sql_text](der.[sql_handle]) AS dest
WHERE [session_id]>50
ORDER BY [cpu_time] DESC

模拟了一些耗CPU时间的动作

 

还有查看CPU数和user scheduler数和最大工作线程数,检查worker是否用完也可以排查CPU占用情况

--查看CPU数和user scheduler数目
SELECT cpu_count,scheduler_count FROM sys.dm_os_sys_info
--查看最大工作线程数
SELECT max_workers_count FROM sys.dm_os_sys_info

查看机器上的所有schedulers包括user 和system
通过下面语句可以看到worker是否用完,当达到最大线程数的时候就要检查blocking了

对照下面这个表
各种CPU和SQLSERVER版本组合自动配置的最大工作线程数
CPU数                 32位计算机                        64位计算机
<=4                     256                                   512
8                        288                                   576
16                       352                                   704
32                       480                                   960

SELECT
scheduler_address,
scheduler_id,
cpu_id,
status,
current_tasks_count,
current_workers_count,active_workers_count
FROM sys.dm_os_schedulers

 

如果SQLSERVER存在要等待的资源,那么执行下面语句就会显示出会话中有多少个worker在等待

结合[sys].[dm_os_wait_stats]视图,如果当前SQLSERVER里面没有任何等待资源,那么下面的SQL语句不会显示任何结果

 SELECT TOP 10
 [session_id],
 [request_id],
 [start_time] AS '开始时间',
 [status] AS '状态',
 [command] AS '命令',
 dest.[text] AS 'sql语句',
 DB_NAME([database_id]) AS '数据库名',
 [blocking_session_id] AS '正在阻塞其他会话的会话ID',
 der.[wait_type] AS '等待资源类型',
 [wait_time] AS '等待时间',
 [wait_resource] AS '等待的资源',
 [dows].[waiting_tasks_count] AS '当前正在进行等待的任务数',
 [reads] AS '物理读次数',
 [writes] AS '写次数',
 [logical_reads] AS '逻辑读次数',
 [row_count] AS '返回结果行数'
 FROM sys.[dm_exec_requests] AS der
 INNER JOIN [sys].[dm_os_wait_stats] AS dows
 ON der.[wait_type]=[dows].[wait_type]
 CROSS APPLY
 sys.[dm_exec_sql_text](der.[sql_handle]) AS dest
 WHERE [session_id]>50
 ORDER BY [cpu_time] DESC

比如我当前执行了查询SalesOrderDetail_test表100次,由于表数据非常多,所以SSMS需要把SQLSERVER执行的结果慢慢的取走,

造成了ASYNC_NETWORK_IO等待

USE [AdventureWorks]
GO
SELECT * FROM dbo.[SalesOrderDetail_test]
GO 100

 


问题源头

经过排查和这几天的观察情况,确定是某些表缺失索引导致,现在在这些表上增加了索引,问题解决

select * from t_AccessControl        --权限控制表权限控制
select * from t_GroupAccess            --用户组权限表用户组权限
select * from t_GroupAccessType        --用户组权限类表用户组权限类
select * from t_ObjectAccess        --对象权限表对象权限
select * from t_ObjectAccessType    --对象权限类型表对象权限类型
select * from t_ObjectType            --对象类型表对象类型

查询CPU占用高的语句

SELECT TOP 10
   total_worker_time/execution_count AS avg_cpu_cost, plan_handle,
   execution_count,
   (SELECT SUBSTRING(text, statement_start_offset/2 + 1,
      (CASE WHEN statement_end_offset = -1
         THEN LEN(CONVERT(nvarchar(max), text)) * 2
         ELSE statement_end_offset
      END - statement_start_offset)/2)
   FROM sys.dm_exec_sql_text(sql_handle)) AS query_text
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats
ORDER BY [avg_cpu_cost] DESC

查询缺失索引

SELECT
    DatabaseName = DB_NAME(database_id)
    ,[Number Indexes Missing] = count(*)
FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_details
GROUP BY DB_NAME(database_id)
ORDER BY 2 DESC;
 SELECT  TOP 10
        [Total Cost]  = ROUND(avg_total_user_cost * avg_user_impact * (user_seeks + user_scans),0)
        , avg_user_impact
        , TableName = statement
        , [EqualityUsage] = equality_columns
        , [InequalityUsage] = inequality_columns
        , [Include Cloumns] = included_columns
FROM        sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups g
INNER JOIN    sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats s
       ON s.group_handle = g.index_group_handle
INNER JOIN    sys.dm_db_missing_index_details d
       ON d.index_handle = g.index_handle
ORDER BY [Total Cost] DESC;

定位问题后,新建非聚集索引

CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX IX_t_AccessControl_F4 ON dbo.t_AccessControl
(
    FObjectType
)include([FUserID], [FAccessType], [FAccessMask]) WITH( STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
GO

drop index IX_t_AccessControl_F4 on t_AccessControl

CPU占用恢复正常

跟踪模板和跟踪文件下载,请使用SQL2008R2 版本:files.cnblogs.com/lyhabc/跟踪模板和trace.rar

 


总结

从多次历史经验来看,如果CPU负载持续很高,但内存和IO都还好的话,这种情况下,首先想到的一定是索引问题,十有八九错不了。

注意文章开头贴出的客户机器负载情况图

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